Himalayan Yoga Academy

Education & research Foundation


29 Jan 2021 HYN Himalayan Yoga Academy

fundamentals of yoga

1. Acknowledgement of Yoga

Meaning; Definition; History, Traditions, Periods, Purpose, Discipline, positive or obstacle element and Significance

Meaning of Yoga –

According to Panini Sanskrit grammar, yoga is made up of three “yuj” metals but the meaning is different. ‘Uj – Samadhau’ युजसमाधौ’ from metal – Samadhi. ‘Ujira Yoge dhaatu’ युजिर योगे धातु’ – Coincidence or Mail

Definition of Yoga –
Yoga commentator Maharshi Vyas wrote “Yoga: Samadhi”,योग: समाधि।“Yogashchittavrittinirodhah”: Pa. Su.1; 2 योगश्चित्तवृत्तिनिरोध: पा. यो. सू..१; २

History of Yoga :

Discussion of the interrelationship between Shiva civilization and Yoga

Om Shiva Chaturvidha Yoga: Hatha, Mantra, Laya and Raj Yoga – Advaita. The first disciple was Parvati and the second groups of disciples were the seven sages (Sapta Rishis).

Tradition (परम्परा): Two traditions – Vedic and Nath (Hatha)

Vedic Tradition: Om Hiranyagarbho Yogastha Vaktaa  Nasyah Puratanah!  हिरण्यगर्भो योगास्थ वक्ता नास्य:पुरातन:।:. Hirandagarbha is the oldest or the original spokesperson of yoga.
Naatha Tradition: Aadinaatha Shiva

Kaal Khand – East Vedic; Vedic; Ramayana period; Mahabharata period, Darshan period, modern period

2. The importance or necessity of yoga in modern life

 Health sector;  Medical field;  Education sector; Family sector;  Social sphere; Political sphere; Economic sector;  Mental sector; Intellectual realm;  Spiritual realm.

3. The discipline of yoga

Long term; Continuity; Shraddha; Perseverance

4. The positive or obstacle element of yoga

According to Patanjali Yoga Sutras

According to Hatha Pradeepika

Obstacles to the yoga path – Talkativeness; More labor/ Exertion; Over eating; Urging adherence to rules; More contacts; Flexibility of mind

 The positive elements of the yoga path – Enthusiasm; Courage; Patience; Real knowledge; Resolution;  avoiding the company of common people,

5. Objectives:

Yoga education helps in self-discipline and sales control, leading to multiple levels of consciousness, concentration and higher levels of consciousness. In a nutshell, the aims and objectives of yoga education are

  • To improve a person’s integrated health
  • To practice mental hygiene
  • To achieve emotional stability
  •  To integrate moral values
  • To achieve a higher level of consciousness

6. Yogic Attitudes-

  1. Goals of life                   
  2. All victorious                             
  3. Four means – Shastra, Guru, Sadhana, Paramatma                 
  4. Preparation of sadhana            
  5. Silent practice                                                                                    
  6. Mantra chanting                           
  7. Sublime thoughts,                                                                             
  8. Abandoning addiction.
  9. Abstinence from sleep                                                                     
  10. Perseverance

7. General Rules of Yoga Class

  • Introduction of Class;                  
  • Environment of venue or Hall;    
  • Timing of class;
  • Dress & Clothing;                         
  • Diet;                                                                            
  • Lifestyle;

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