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Overview of Ayurveda Science

3 May 2020 HYN Himalayan Yoga Academy

Ayurveda-Nepal

Overview of Ayurveda Science

Ayurveda is the science of life. ‘Ayu‘ stands for Life and ‘Veda‘ stands for Knowledge. It is one of the branches of vedas. It is regarded as upaveda of atharva-veda  but, really sense, it is a stream of the knowledge coming down from generation to generation since eternity parallel to the vedic literature that is why its emergence has been said to be from the Rishis / Yogis himself prior to the the purity of life, particularly for body. It is also called eternal because nobody knows when it was not there. All this shows its long tradition and deep attachment to the eastern culture and system. More about Ayurveda Science

 Ayurveda ‘the Knowledge of Life’ is a holistic system of medicine from eastern world, particularly south Asia, which evolved from Brahma sages of Himavat (Himalayan Belt); somehow more than 3000 years ago. The principles and system of Ayurveda includes our external and internal environments .The principles are derived from universal laws of nature that have changed little through time. With objective, and intuitive approach to gaining knowledge, incorporated with a deep understanding of the unseen intelligence of the universe via. Ayurveda.  

Definition of Shareera (Body) –

Dosa-dhatu-mala-mulam hi sariram —————————————-. [SS-XV / Body is originally composed of dosas, dhatus and malas and as such try to comprehend their characters being delivered hereafter.

Astanga Ayurveda – Tasya-ayurveda-sya -anyastauh ———————————————. [C. S.-XXX / 28]

  1. Kayacikitsa (Medicine), 
  2. Salakya (dealing with disease of supra-clavicular region- ENT. & Ophthalmology),           

3. Salyapahartrka (dealing with extraction of foreign bodies- Surgery),         

4. Visa- gara – vairodhika-prasaman (dealing with alleviation of poison, artificial) poison and toxic symptoms due to take in antagonistic substance – Toxicology),             

 5. Bhuta Vidhya (dealing with sprint or organisms- Psychiatry Medicine),    

6. Kaumarabhrtya (Pediatrics),                       

7. Rasayana (dealing with promotive measures – Rejuvenates)

8. Vajikarana (dealing with aphrodisiacs-Aphrodisiac) –a drug that arouses sexual desires

Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda

  1. The Pancha-Mahaa-bhutas and tri dosha -Five basic elements theory: Aakasha (Ether), Vayu (Air), Agni (Fire), Jala (Water) and Prithvi (Earth). Panchatattva (Five elements), a origin of nature and mother of all existence is the first fundamental principles of Ayurveda, where as the nature is the mother of all regular existence and all discoveries today.
  2.  The Tri-Gunas and tri dosha-Three Fundamental universal energies: viz – Sattvik, Rajasik and Tamasik.
  3. The Tri-Dosas -Three Body Humors equanimity: Vata, Pitta and Kapha
  4. The Sapta-Dhatus -Seven types of body tissues equanimity: .- Rasa (fluid) Dhatu, Rakta (blood) Dhatu, Mamsa Dhatu, Meda (fat) Dhatu, Asthi Dhatu, Majja Dhatu and Sukra Dhatu
  5. The TrayodosaAgni -Thirteen types of digestive fires harmony: Jatharagni (gastric fire), SaptaDhatvagni (Seven Tissues relate) and PanchaBhutagni ( Five elements relate).
  6. The Tri-Malas -Three types of Body Wastes regulation: Purisa (faeces), Mutra (urine) and Sveda (sweat)

Definition of Health – Samadosah-samagnis-ca –samadhatu-malakriyah ——————————–. [S. S.-XV / 41]

One whose Doshas like Agni, function of Dhatu and Malas are in the state of equilibrium and who has pleasent mind, wise and good senses are termed as optimum health (Uchcha Swastha).

Disease manifests as the opposite of some or all of the criteria for health listed above. It is vice versa of ease. That is dis + ease = disease.  It is a state of dysequilibrium or disharmony of the doshas, ​​dhatus, agnis, and malas; the individual is out of harmony both internally and with relation to the environment and experiences unpleasant sensations and misery in some form (duhkya).

The Channel Systems (Srotamsi) -14

PRANAVAHA SROTAS – Channels that carry Prana, the breath or life-force, primarily the respiratory system and circulatory system. Originates in the heart and the g.i. tract, primarily the colon

ANNAVAHA SROTAS Channels that carry food, the digestive system. Originates in the stomach and left side of the body

AMBHUVAHA SROTAS– Channels that carry water or regulate water metabolism. Originates in the palate and pancreas

RASAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that carry plasma (rasa), the lymphatic system. Originates in heart and blood vessels

RAKTAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that carry blood (rakta), circulatory system. Originates in the liver and spleen

MAMSAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that supply muscles (mamsa), the muscular system. Originates in the ligaments and skin

MEDAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that supply fat or adipose tissue (medas), the adipose system. Originates in the kidneys and omentum

ASTHIVAHA SROTAS- Channels that supply the bones (asthi), the skeletal system. Originates in adipose tissue and the hips

MAJJAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that supply the marrow and nerve tissue (majja), mainly the nervous system. Originates in the bones and joints

SHUKRAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that supply the reproductive tissue (shukra), the reproductive system.Originates in the testes or the uterus

SVEDAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that carry sweat (sveda), the sebaceous system. Originates in adipose tissue and the hair follicles

PURISHAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that carry feces (purisha), the excretory system. Originates in the colon and rectum

MUTRAVAHA SROTAS- Channels that carry urine (mutra), the urinary system. Originates in the bladder and kidneys

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