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Innovative approach of Anatomy and Physiology in yoga practices

2 May 2019 HYN Himalayan Yoga Academy

Yoga TeacherTraining Class


Yoga is the ancient spiritual science of human being. It was as means of spiritual sadhana for human discipline and power. Now it is known as the achievement for health, happiness and harmony. Yoga is union it means a mission. In fact, we have been practicing the different means or techniques for Yoga; such means is addressed by Yogic Kriyas (Act of Yoga). Maharshi Patanjali, a founder of Yoga Darshan says “Yogashchittavrittinirodhah” PYS 1.2 it means that the cessation of modified thoughts in chitta is called Yoga. It is state of devoid where nothing is left, just empty where awareness is active and sparking and then the seer is able to realize his own origin.

Yoga is the self-realization throughout sadhana, absolutely based on experimental science, is just not a theoretical aspect whatever we gain but whatever we do, is the sense. Knowing or learning is not only the part of education, further more developing attitudes and understanding its values then its application is major issue for the human perfection.

Means of yoga or yogic kriyas should be cultivated and applied in systematic patterns or sequences on the basis of human science; otherwise we can’t meet our mission. Learn About anatomy and physiology in yoga practices

Yoga and Anatomy:

anatomy and physiology in yoga practices
3d render of woman body with muscle anatomy doing yoga illustration

Human Body is a complex multi-cellular organism having innumerable physiological, biological and psychological processes. Anatomy and Physiology are two major components of human body; it runs in hand in hand together along with the life. Anatomy means the science of structure like the location, name of parts, shape & size, structure, design, engineering etc. and Physiology means the science of function like running process of circulation, communication & secretion and overall whole transportation. The harmony of all structural units and functional processes lead the total well being of life whereas disharmony of structure and functions cause the illness.

All means of yoga has generally been applied in our body as a laboratory where all experiments are done. It is fully equipped laboratory with full of requirements like devices and chemicals. So, without knowing about the human body or Anatomy & Physiology, our practice never completes or no meaningful.

Need of study of Anatomy
Anatomy and Physiology are main parts of human body that tends whole body survive. At least we should know the name and location of vital and some more major organs of body, even though not only the voluntary parts of external muscles and bones, just like a pillar of house. It is more about this. Knowing about muscles and bones is just for stretching, bit warming and opening but still not for flexibility, strength, vitality, toleration, endurance, quality of health, longevity and expansion of consciousness which should be towards almighty. So, we should know the structural and functional units of life it starts from cell and whole units of body organization with vital organs, actins organs, sensory organs, glands and systems, then spiritual yogic body panchakasa; panchprana, chakras, nadis and Kundalini / Life force, doshas and prakriti (qualities) as well. It is mainly summarized into three points.
-to acknowledge the complex body units associated to their functions concern to yogic practices for the optimum benefits.
-to manipulate the yogic kriyas on the basis of location, structure, function and body alignment to fundamental level to higher levels of practices effectively.
– to make better learning, understanding, practices, and teaching of the science more scientifically and philosophically in respect to complement the knowledge, experience and human consciousness.

Anatomical figure as different sciences:

Anatomy of Natural Body:
Human Body is composed up of different parts and units.

Panchamahabhoota (Five great elements).

Nature is the mother of all sciences and also the first principle.
PrithiviTatva(Earth Element) – Gross Body, muscles and bones
JalaTatva(Water) – liquid portion of body like blood, lymph, juice, mucus
AgniTatva (Fire) – Body temperature, heat energy, colours,
VayuTatva(Air) – All types of communication like respiration, circulation, motion, hearing
AakashaTatva(Ether/ Space) – all spaces, cavities, canal, tubes, vessels of the body

Anatomy of Spiritual/ Yogic Body (Panchakosa): Anatomy and physiology in yoga practices

AnnamayaKosa (Physical Sheath/ Body):
PranamayaKosa (Vital Sheath/ Body):
ManomayaKosa (Mental Sheath/ Body):
VigyanamayaKosa ( Wisdom Sheath/ Body):
AanandamayaKosa (Blissful Sheath/ Body):

Anatomy of Pranic body (Panchaprana):

Prana Vayu; Samana Vayu; Apana Vayu; Uddyana Vayu; Vyana Vayu

Anatomy of Chakra Body:

Mooladhara Chakra; Svadhishthana Chakra ; Manipur Chakra; Anahata Chakra; Vishuddi Chakra; Anggya Chakra; Bindu Chakra; Sahasraha Chakra

Anatomy of Nadi Vigyana:

There are 72000 nadis as Tantra Yoga, out of these 14 principal nadis are:
Sushumna; Ida; Pingala; Gandhari; Hastajihva; Yashasvini; Pusha; Alambusha; Kuhu; Sakini; Sarasvati; Payasvini; Varuni; Vishvodara

Anatomy of Ayurveda Vigyana:

samadoshah samaagnishcha samadhaatumalakriyah!
prasannaatmendriyamanaah svastha ityabhidheeyate!!

The meaning of the statement/ verse is: equanimity of three doshas, thirteen agnis, seven dhathus, three malas and happier stage of all eleven organs like five sensory, five actions and mind is the state of optimum health of human being.
Dosha – Vata, Pitta, Kapha
Agni – Jatharagni-1; Bhutangni-5; Dhatwagni-7;
Dhatu – Rasa; rakta; Mansa; Medas; Asthi; Majja; Sukra
Mala – Purish; Mutra; Sweda

Anatomy of Human Body as medical view:

Human Body is the huge organization with multi-cellular structures and functions.
Cells (Structural and Functional Units) —————
Tissues (group of specific cells) —————
Organs (group of tissues) ——————————–
Systems (group of organs)——————————-
Human Body ( a complex organism)

Neuro-musculo-skeleton co-ordination, Neuro-co-ordination of entire physiologies, Neuro-endocrine co-ordination indicates all the human possibilities. It does not consist of Muscles and bones only; we have to enter to entire levels of involuntary and autonomic structures and functions.
Anatomical and Physiological work out towards spiritual achievement:

First stage: warming up, vibrating, opening, stretching in both voluntary and involuntary concern Neuro-co ordination to Voluntary muscles and bones.
Second stage: Circulating, detoxifying, communicating (stimulus & Response) or physiological connectivity, Neuro-co ordination to Involuntary; Vital organs, Glands (Exocrine, Endocrine, Lymphatic)
Third stage: Flexibility (Mobility & ability) and Neuro-co ordination, hormonal co ordination to cellular networking.
Fourth stage: Efficiency (acceleration & duration) and internal homeostasis; concentration and calmness
Fifth stage: Bio-electromagnetic charges firing, charge of Atom (Electron, Proton & Neutron) at omnipresent power Om/ sounds. Atom exists at Om (Atom = At + Om) on the basis of Quantum theory; harmonious rhythm of life; Kundalini awakening; means of attainment is Dhyana (Meditation).
Sixth stage: Ojomaya and Tejomaya; expansion of consciousness; Samadhi (Liberation)

Some keynotes of Anatomy and Physiology in Yoga Practice

  1. Joints and Voluntary Muscles as foundation
  2. Muscle contraction and nature of movement
  3. Body Alignment and Flexibility principles
  4. Major Cavities and Involuntary connectivity
  5. Location of Major organs and its vital process
  6. Co-ordination of Nervous and Endocrine System as psycho-physiological change
  7. Inter-relation of endocrine glands and chakras
  8. Anatomy concerns to External and internal yoga

Yoga Practices:

Yoga should ethically be done on well plan submitting all the means of Yogic Science. ‘Yogah Samadhi” it means Yoga is Samadhi; Samadhi is Yoga. Hath Yoga qualifies us for entry of Raja Yoga. Ethical rules of Yama & Niyama; sukshma Vyayama, Suryanamaskara chakra, Yogasana, Bandha, Mudra and Pranayama are preparatory phase of Meditation and Meditation is preparatory phase of Yoga or Samadhi. So, Dhyana (Meditation) is the final weapon of yoga, a state of Samadhi. In general, yogasana is pre-stage of meditation so, Yoga is more about meditation. Practicing any physical based practice and karmas are pre-requisite qualification for meditation purposed to attempt super happiness without cause; satchittananda and liberation.


Shatakarma –six cleansing acts are detoxification procedures that are clinical and physiological in nature and help to remove the toxins accumulated in the body and prepares for further practices of all means of yoga.


It prepares our emotional, devotional & entire atmosphere, mood and expression because each moment is beautiful initiation of beautiful day which leads well done practice of whole day fullness. Methods- sit on Vajrasana or any comfortable meditation postures keeping back straight, pranam mudra and eyes close, deep breath few times, Om chants-3 times, Guru mantra- 3 times – e.g. “Om Shree Gurave Namah”, sankalpa (Resolve) 3 times – Today I put my gratitude and show my love to all.
Sukshma Vyayama (subtle Exercise): It is considered as anti-rheumatic group of exercise so, attempt main joints – ankles, knees, hop joint, wrist, shoulder, neck, etc. and saptadwara – eyes-2, ears-2, nostrils-2 and mouth- at least.

Dynamic exercise:

It stretches and speeds up circulation. It also helps to bring flexibility and enhances the Asana practices easier but of there no equality of action and rest and also not done under breath rules and awareness, it can work reversely creating pain, tension and excess pressure on joints and muscles.

Asana Practice:

It develops flexibility, maintains proper alignment, promotes efficiency, stamina, endurance, toleration, patience and makes the swasa kriyas (breathing acts) easier and clear. It also prepares for meditation postures.

Pranayama practice

“Pranayama Paramo Tapah”. It is supreme practice as major means of Yogic acts. It spreads up vitality and reduces the consumption of oxygen and energy in the body, ultimately it calms the mind, explores the soul, rejuvenate the life and lengthen the life span. Bandhas and Mudras are practices associated with Pranayama. They are viewed as the higher practices that mainly adopt certain physical postures along with control over our breath. This further facilitates control of mind and paves way for higher yogic achievement.

Antaranga Yoga:

Pratyahara indicates dissociation of human consciousness from the sensory organs which unite with the external objects. Dharana indicates broad field of attention which is usually felt as concentration. Dhyana is frequent attention inside entering into silence, however meditation which moves one towards self-realization that will lead us to transcendence/ liberation.


Yoga begins when class is over. It is a whole life project as Prabda Karma motive to aim Aagami Karma. Acknowledgement of anatomy and physiology nearly connects Asanas, Bandhas, mudras, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana practices for effective and rational benefits. Internal anatomy and yogic anatomy are very supportive roles for clarity of higher practice. Yoga is neither physical exercise nor religious science; however it is purely spiritual science or existence science for continuation of this beautiful existence of all beings and this wonderful world as well within the universe.

AUM! Asato-mā Sat Gamaya! Tamaso mā Jyotir-Gamaya!! Mrityor-mā Amritam-Gamaya!!!



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